UNESCO is a legally independent specialist organisation within the United Nations. Its main decision-making body is the General Conference of all member states. This meets every two years in Paris. The General Conference determines the policies and the main lines of work of the organisation and sets UNESCO’s budget and programmes. It also elects an Executive Board consisting of representatives of the 58 member states. The Executive Board oversees the organisation between General Conferences, prepares for the General Conferences and monitors implementation of the programmes they adopt.
Is the world’s largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control and the promotion of human rights, freedom of the press and fair elections. It has 550 headquarters staff and about 2300 field staff.